Important episodes in the history of the printing industry of the Galician Ruthenians in the 1840s–1850s (Yakiv Holovatsky’s publishing)
The mid-19th century was marked by the emergence of new Ruthenian (Ukrainian) publishing in Galicia. The process was accompanied by important changes in the political and social life of the region, and in the international relations. The development of publishing was boosted not only by publishers and editors, but also by compilers, distributors and people popularising various publications. One of such figures was Yakiv Holovatsky (Jakub Głowacki) — a Greek Catholic priest who in 1848 became professor at the University of Lviv. He believed that publishing was an important element of the socio-cultural life of the Galician Ruthenians. The author of the article discusses Holovatsky’s contribution to Ruthenian publishing, in particular, its most important episodes like sorting out and publishing (together with his brother Ivan) of two annual volumes of the almanac Vinok Rusynam na Obzhynky (A Garland for Ruthenians during the Harvest), 1846–1847, through which the Holovatsky brothers tried to present to the Ruthenians their vision of the development of literature and literary language (modelled on folk language) and to sound out the Ruthenian elite about the proposal; preparation of the first chrestomathy of the Ruthenian literature for secondary schools in Galicia (1850–1851), which was meant to become the basis for the introduction of a new, standardised literary language (this time closer to Russian); collaboration with Mykhailo Kachkovsky (Michał Kaczkowski), who financed the publication of several books in 1853–1854 to e.g. promote the literary language, very close to Russian. Despite the fact that in the mid-19th century the Ruthenians were only beginning to get used to secular literature in their own mother tongue and that the number of publications was very small, Holovatsky’s publishing ventures show the importance of a correlation between books, readership and development of a national cultural worldview.